《柏拉图的史诗吟诵与荷马的音乐:古典时期雅典的泛雅典娜赛会及其节日的诗学》(2002)
  作者 : 格雷戈里·纳吉 (Gregory Nagy) | 点击数 : 7576

Plato's Rhapsody and Homer's Music:
The Poetics of the Panathenaic Festival in Classical Athens

by Gregory Nagy

  The festival of the Panathenaia, held in Athens every summer to celebrate the birthday of the city's goddess, Athena (the Great Panathenaia was held every four years), was the setting for performances of the Homeric Iliad and Odyssey by professional reciters or "rhapsodes." The works of Plato are our main surviving source of information about these performances. Through his references, a crucial phase in the history of the Homeric tradition can be reconstructed. Through Plato's eyes, the "staging" of Homer in classical Athens can once again become a virtual reality.

  This book examines the overall testimony of Plato as an expert about the cultural legacy of these Homeric performances. Plato's fine ear for language--in this case the technical language of high-class artisans like rhapsodes--picks up on a variety of authentic expressions that echo the talk of rhapsodes as they once practiced their art.

  Highlighted among the works of Plato are the Ion, the Timaeus, and the Critias. Some experts who study the Timaeus have suggested that Plato must have intended this masterpiece, described by his characters as a humnos, to be a tribute to Athena. The metaphor of weaving, implicit in humnos and explicit in the peplos or robe that was offered to the goddess at the Panathenaia, applies also to Homeric poetry: it too was pictured as a humnos, destined for eternal re-weaving on the festive occasion of Athena's eternally self-renewing birthday.

  Gregory Nagy is the Jones Professor of Classical Literature and Professor of Comparative Literature, Harvard University, and the Director of the Center for Hellenic Studies, Trustees for Harvard University.

 


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  文章来源 : 中国民俗学网

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